Le più grandi sciagure dell’umanità sono state originate da chi ha voluto semplificare la vita pianificando il mondo.

Giovannino Guareschi

domenica 19 febbraio 2012

Translation of the post of February 18

New scenarios and old lace

The reform of the so called  world of work we have already discussed in several articles. Now I must make some concluding remarks and hope that the government Monti  incorporating the expectations that come from workers and trade unions and understands that a reform of legislation on these issues can not be done in a few weeks.

Point one, article 18: the news from last week. The Association of the artisans of Mestre has conducted a survey on how many companies and how many workers are affected by Article 18 of the Workers' Statute. Score: 3% of Italian companies over 15 employees, but these businesses employ 65.5% of workers. But who would have thought ... over 5 million companies in Italy, only about 150,000 businesses are involved in Article 18, however, of more than 12 million employees, about 7.8 million people are protected by Article 18 Statute of Workers. Consequence: how can you say that with the amendment / repeal of Article 18 would be affected only a minority of workers and that this article does not affects almost nobody? Instead, only a minority of firms is affected by Article 18, while the vast majority of Italian companies is already outside the scope of Article 18. If anything, from my point of view, we would have to extend the scope of Article 18 even for workers who now are excluded, given that the good lawgiver should extend protection to workers, rather than reduce them, as the Work is the activity that underpin the Italian Republic.

Second point: the reason why Italy in recent years has lost attractiveness for companies (both Italian and foreign) who want to invest (in Italy) depends, unfortunately, the lack of attractiveness of our country. To understand the real problems for companies residing in the excessive bureaucracy which must undergo to get permits and authorizations, in order to decide which business strategies in a timely manner, in a world moving at the speed of the Internet can not be subjected to the time of authorization of our Public Administration . Then there is the problem of legal certainty on which any entrepreneur who wants to invest should be able to count to decide where to spend their time and money. In Italy the crisis of the "justice" has become chronic. On this occasion it would be pointless to talk about because it would take us off topic. However it is possible that a civil trial, maybe just a case of a dismissal deemed unlawful arrivals to the judgment of first instance in four / five years. This is absurd. But there is a problem with Article 18, but the bad administration of justice that keeps investors from our country. Third problem: in our country in recent years is not an industrial policy capable of reading the near future and create the conditions so that the medium and large Italian companies pilotassero change and managed to stay active and compete primarily on the domestic market. Italy has lost entire industries in recent decades: the chemistry is gone, the car is now reduced to a flicker, the energy sector is fragile and you could invest much more, now the fashion is in crisis, the resists' food with difficulty, tourism is not exploited, the shipbuilding industry is dying. A country can stand alone on the service sector? Fourth problem, the tax system. There is immediate and easy solution. Here I will only say that high taxes so high, both for companies and workers alike, does not ease the investments of entrepreneurs in Italy.

Point three. Let's be clear: labor reform is necessary given that employment is declining for several years and especially the youth unemployment concerns seriously, that is, those who must bear the burden of future pensions. Therefore, the labor reform will automatically connect to the pension reform on the one hand, and suppose a serious and thorough reflection on the present economic reality in which you find Italy. We can not intervene in the leg stretched over such sensitive issues within a couple of months. The government "technical" Mario Monti was not asked to turn over Italy within a year, but only to put in place, which in part has already been done, those extraordinary measures (and unpopular) that had to be taken to restore Europe's confidence on the reliability and capacity of the Italian rulers in addressing the economic crisis, averting a new case Greece.

Okay then pose the problem of reforming the labor market, but the theme is of such importance that some further reflection frankly think it should be done.

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